Sabah Snake Grass

Sabah Snake Grass
Clinacanthus nutans (Burm.f.) Lindau

Justicia nutans Burm.f., Fl. Ind. (1768) 10, t. 5, f. 1; Justicia fulgida Blume, Bijdr. (1826); Clinacanthus burmanni Nees in DC., Prodr. 11 (1847) 511; Clinacanthus siamensis Bremek.

Vernacular Names:
Belalai Gajah
Ki tajam (Sunda); Dandang gendis (Java); Gendis (Central Java)
Saled pangpon tua mea (Saliva of the female mongoose) 

General Information
Herbs, tall, erect, sometimes rambling shrubs. Stems cylindric, yellow when dry, densely striate, subglabrous. Petiole 5--7 cm or more; leaf blade lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, 5--11 X 1--4 cm, papery, secondary veins 5 or 6 on each side of midvein and convex on both surface when dry, base oblique, margin subentries, apex caudate-acuminate. Inflorescences ca. 1.5 cm, glandular; bracts linear, ca. 8 mm, apex acute. Calyx segments ca. 8 mm, apex acuminate. Corolla dark red, 4 or 6 cm, pubescent. Stamens and pistil glabrous. Capsule not seen. 

Plant Part Used
Whole plants
Chemical Constituents
No documentation.

Traditional Use :
Clinacanthus nutans is a well known anti-snake venom amongst the traditional healers of Thailand. The mechanism of action of this plant is believed to be attributed to its anti-cell lysis property rather than as an anti-neuromuscular transmission blocker. They also use the plant to treat scorpion bites and nettle rash. In China the whole plant is used in various manner to treat inflammatory conditions like haematoma, contusion, strains and sprains of injuries and rheumatism.

Gastrointestinal Diseases :
Indonesian and Thai traditional healers make use of Clinacanthus nutans to treat dysentery. The Indonesians take a handful of the the fresh leaves, boiled them in 5 glasses of water until the water level recedes to about 3 glasses and the decoction is given in a dose of 1 glass each time.

Other uses :
In Indonesia the plant is used to treat diabetes by boiling 7 – 21 fresh leaves in 2 glasses of water until the water level recedes to 1 glass and this is given twice daily. Dysuria is treated by taking 15 g of fresh leaves and boiling them for 15 minutes. The decoction is consumed once daily.

Thai traditional healers make use of the plant to treat fever. Chinese healers on the other hand consider the plant as effective in regulating mentrual function, relieving pain, anaemia, jaundice and setting of fractured bones.

Pre-Clinical Data Pharmacology

  • Antiviral activity:
In Thailand the leaves of C. nutans had been used by traditional healers to treat herpes infections. Jayavasu et al did a study to compare the ability of C. nutans leaves to inactivate herpes simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2) against that of acyclovir. They found that the extracts of the leaves of C. nutans was able to inhibit plaque formation by HSV-2 in baby hamster kidney cell line. However, the study done by Yoosook et al on the anti HSV-2 stains against oragnic solvent extracts of C. nutans did not show any anti-HSV-2 viral activity. This contradictory results may be attributed to differing laboratory factors and plant material as clinical trial done on the extracts of C. nutans did show significant antiviral properties.

With the recent outbreak of Influenza A (H1N1) globally, Wirotesangthong studied the effectiveness of Clinacanthus siamensis leaf extract on influenza virus infection. They studied its effects against the following viruses: influenza virus A/New Caledonia/20/99 (H1N1), mouse-adapted influenza virus A/Guizhou/54/89 (A/G)(H3N2) and mouse-adapted influenza virus B/Ibaraki/2/85 (B/I) were used in the NA inhibition assay, and mouse-adapted influenza viruses A/PR/8/34 (H1N1), A/G and B/I were used in the in vitro antiviral assay. They found that the extract was superior in its ability to protect the mouse against influenza virus infection as compared to oseltamivir. 

  • Immune response activity:
C. nutans had been used traditionally to treat inflammatory conditions whether infective or non-infective. Sriwanthana et al looked for the activity of this plant extract on the immune system. They found that it was able to increase lymphocyte proliferation significantly and reduce the activity of natural killer cells (NK Cells). They also found the IL-2 release was suppressed while IL-4 was increased. This shows that the Cell-mediated Immune Response (CMIR) activity of C. nutans extract was partially due to the release of IL-4 from the peripheal blood mononuclear cells. 

  • Anti-inflammatory activity:
Panthong et al found the extracts of the leaves of C. nutans to possess a strong anti-inflammatory activity corroborating further its extensive used as an anti-inflammatory medicine. This effect they said was partly due to its ability to inhibit the neutrophil responsiveness as evidenced by the significant inhibtiion of myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. 

  • Antivenom activity:
C. nutans is a plant used extensively by traditional healers of southern Thailand and North-western Malaysia as a remedy for envenomation be it snakes or venomous insects like scorpions and bees effectively. The methods of using it is yet to be documented. Cherdchu et al did not find any antivenin activity. What they test against was its ability to neutralise the inhibitory effects of neurotoxins of Naja naja siamensis on neuromuscular transmission. However, there are other components in the venom of the snake upon which the plant could neutralise as reported by Watson in Botanical Medicine in Clinical practice where he cited the possiblity of anti-cell lysis as an explanation.

  • Antioxidant activity:
The role of free radicals in the pathophysiology of diseases has been very well established. Today many researchers are looking into plants as a source of antioxidants. Amongst the subject of study is C. nutans. Pannangpetch et al looked into the antioxidant properties of ethanolic extract of the leaves of C. nutans. They found that this extract had an antioxidant activity and protective effect against free radical-induced haemolysis. This is evidenced by the fact that it could scavange DPPH with a maximum scavenging activity of 67.65±6.59% and with IC50 of 110.4±6.59 μg/ml; the FRAP value was 17 mg ascorbate equivalent to one gram of the extract. The extract demonstrated a significant inhibition of peroxide production in rat macrophages stimulated by phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and protected red blood cell against AAPH-induced hemolysis with an IC50 of 359.38±14.02 mg/ml.
No documentation
Clinical Data
Clinical Trials
Antivaricella-zoster virus infection
A randomised, placebo-controlled trial of efficacy of topical formulation of Clinacanthus nutans extract was done on 51 patients with varicella-zoster virus infection. The results obtained showed that lesion crusting occurs within 3 days of application and healing within 7 days. The medication was applied 5 times per day for 7 – 14 days until lesion healed. Pain scores were also reduced significantly. No side effects were observed during the course of treatment.

Treatment of Recurrent Aphthous ulcer
Timpawat and Vajrabhaya did a double blind controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of Clinacanthus nutans Lindau in orabase in the treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis. Forty three (43) patients were recruited for this trial and the efficacy was tested against triamcinolone acetonide in orabase and placebo. They found that Clinacanthus nutans Lindau in orabase provide better healing of the ulcer as compared to placebo but was less so when compared to triamcinolone acetonide in orabase. 

Adverse Effects in Human:
No documentation

Use in Certain Conditions
Pregnancy / Breastfeeding
No documentation

Age Limitations
Neonates / Adolescents
No documentation
No documentation

Chronic Disease Conditions
No documentation
Interactions with drugs
No documentation
Interactions with Other Herbs / Herbal Constituents
No documentation
No documentation
Case Reports
No documentation


1.   R. Watson, Ronald R. Watson, Victor R. Preedy Botanical Medicine in Clinical Practice 

      CAB  International   Cambridge 2008 pg. 819.

2.   Andrea Pieroni, Ina Vandebroek Traveling cultures and plants: the ethnobiology and 
      ethnopharmacy of migrations Berghahn Books New York 2007 pg. 112.
3.   Flora of China ACANTHACEAE
      edited.html. [Accessed on: 21st January 2010]
4.   H. Arief Hariana Tumbuhan Obat dan Khasiatnya 2 Penebar Swadaya Jakarta 2008 pg. 56.
5.   Chuinradee Jayavasu; Thaweephol Dechatiwongse; Kroavon Balachandra Virucidal activity 
      of Clinacanthus nutans Lindau extracts against herpes simplex virus type-2:In vitro study
      Bulletin of the Department of Medical Sciences (Thailand); Warasan Krom Witthayasat 
      Kanphaet Oct-Dec 1992 v. 34(4) p. 153-158.
6.   Yoosook C, Panpisutchai Y, Chaichana S, Santisuk T, Reutrakul V. Evaluation of anti-HSV
      -2 activities of Barleria lupulina and Clinacanthus nutans. J Ethnopharmacol.1999 Nov 1;
7.   Mali Wirotesangthong, Takayuki Nagai, Haruki Yamada, Surattana Amnuoypol and 
      Chutichot Mungmee Effects of Clinacanthus siamensis leaf extract on influenza virus 
      infection Microbiol Immunol 2009; 53: 66–74.
8.   Busarawan Sriwanthana, Pranee Chavalittumrong,Laor Chompuk Effect of Clinacanthus
      nutans on Human Cell-mediated Immune Response in vitro. Thai J. Pharm. Sci., 
      1996 Vol 20(4):261-267.
9.   Wanikiat P, Panthong A, Sujayanon P, Yoosook C, Rossi AG, Reutrakul V. The anti-
      inflammatory effects and the inhibition of neutrophil responsiveness by Barleria lupulina
      and Clinacanthus nutans extracts. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008 Mar 5;116(2):234-44.
10.  Cherdchu C, Poopyruchpong N, Adchariyasucha R, Ratanabanangkoon K. The absence 
       of antagonism between extracts of Clinacanthus nutans Burm. and Naja naja siamensis 
       venom. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1977 Jun;8(2):249-54.
11.  Patchareewan Pannangpetch, Pisamai Laupattarakasem, Veerapol Kukongviriyapan, Upa 
       Kukongviriyapan, Bunkerd Kongyingyoes and Chantana Aromdee Antioxidant activity 
       and protective effect against oxidative hemolysis of Clinacanthus nutan (Burm.f) Lindau
       Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol., March 2007, 29(Suppl. 1) : 1-9.
12.  Sangkitporn S, Chaiwat S, Balachandra K, Na-Ayudhaya TD, Bunjob M, Jayavasu C.  
       Treatment of herpes zoster with Clinacanthus nutans (bi phaya yaw) extract. J Med 
       Assoc Thai. 1995 Nov;78(11):624-7.
13.  Siriporn Timpawat, La-ongthong Vajrabhaya. Clinical evaluation of clinacanthus nutans 
       lindau in orabase in the treatment of recurrent aphthous stomatitis Mahidol Dental 
       Journal Vol 14(1): 10 – 16

    B17 Deodorant

    Sebuah sifir  yang mudah di fahami 

    P/s: 0.025 Mg merupakan purata Aluminum chlorohydrate atau Neurotoxic yang biasanya di masukan dalam produk.

    Jika apa yg kami paparkan ini menjadi kenyataan dalam kehidupan anda ..... amat malang bagi kita dan anak , isteri ... meneruskan budaya ini dalam kehidupan kita .....

    [1] 50  x 0.2 / 99.95 = 0.025 mg  Neurotoxic 
    ( racun saraf ) yang di serap oleh kelenjar bawah ketiak. 

    [2] 0.025 mg x 2 kali sehari = 0.05 mg. Neurotoxic 
    ( racun saraf ) yang di serap oleh kelenjar bawah ketiak.

    [3]0.05 mg x 30 hari = 1.50 gm sebulan. Neurotoxic 
    ( racun saraf ) yang di serap oleh kelenjar bawah ketiak.

    [4]1.50 mg x 12 bulan ( setahun ) = 18.009 gm. Neurotoxic 
    ( racun saraf ) yang di serap oleh kelenjar bawah ketiak.

    [5]18.009 gm  x 2 Tahun = 36.018 gm. Neurotoxic 
    ( racun saraf ) yang di serap oleh kelenjar bawah ketiak.

    [6]18.009 gm  x 3 Tahun = 54.027 gm. Neurotoxic 
    ( racun saraf ) yang di serap oleh kelenjar bawah ketiak.

    [7]18.009 gm  x 4 Tahun =72.036 gm . Neurotoxic 
    ( racun saraf ) yang di serap oleh kelenjar bawah ketiak.

    [8]18.009 gm  x 5 Tahun = 90.045 gm. Neurotoxic 
    ( racun saraf ) yang di serap oleh kelenjar bawah ketiak.

    [9]18.009 gm  x 10 Tahun = 108.054 gm . Neurotoxic 
    ( racun saraf ) yang di serap oleh kelenjar bawah ketiak.

    [10]18.009 gm  x 20 Tahun = 126.063 gm. Neurotoxic 
    ( racun saraf )  yang di serap oleh kelenjar bawah ketiak.

    [11]18.009 gm  x 30 Tahun = 144.072 gm. Neurotoxic 
    ( racun saraf ) yang di serap oleh kelenjar bawah ketiak

    [12]18.009 gm x 40 Tahun = 162.081 gm Neurotoxic 
    ( racun saraf )  yang anda gunakan.
    *Biasanya dari usia 18 – 60 ( 42 Tahun )

    Tahukah anda deodorant yang merbahaya telah berada di pasaran !!!

    Assalamualaikum guys.. Ada sapa2 diantara korang ambil berat tidak akan bahan2 yang terdapat dalam ubat ketiak yang korang beli? Jangan ambil mudah der. Perkara ini penting untuk kesihatan dan selagi boleh dicegah maka kita cegah sebelum parah. “mencegah lebih baik dari mengubati”. Jadi tahu tidak apa bahan2 yang tidak boleh digunakan dalam ubat ketiak atau dalam bahasa saintifik + mat saleh ialah "deodorant". Kebanyakkan bahan2 ini terdapat pada jenama yang memperkanalkan deodorant "kering 24 jam" "anti peluh" "whitening" dan bermacam2 lagi. Mari kita semak apa bahan2 bahaya yang mengancam darah pada badan.

    Satu kajian kontroversi yang disiarkan sebuah jurnal perubatan terbaru  ini, mengaitkan sejenis bahan kimia yang lazim digunakan dalam alat kosmetik dan deodorant  atau pewangi ketiak dengan barah payu dara.

    Apa itu AC??

    Aluminum chlorohydrate dihasilkan dalam industri melalui tindak balas antara aluminium hydroxide, Al(OH)3 dengan hydrochloric acid (HCl). Ia ditindak-balaskan menggunakan stim pada suhu 100 °C pada tangki terbuka.

    Ia biasa digunakan sebagai salah satu bahan dalam
    deodorant (penyahbau) atau antiperspirants (antipeluh) yang selalu digunakan pada ketiak. Secara umumnya, aluminium chlorohydrate ini yang akan membentuk mendakan kuning pada ketiak atau baju yang dipakai. Satu teori yang memungkinkan hubungan ini ialah kebanyakkan anti peluh mengandungi bahan-bahan kimia seperti zirkonium dan aluminium yang boleh diserapmelalui liang roma di kulit di mana mereka bertindak balas dengan air dan menyebabkan pembekakan.Penyelidik-penyelidik pada mulanya menyangka bahawa perpeluhan yang disekat boleh mengakibatkan  pembentukan toksin dalam limfa noda di bahagian ketiak dan dalam jangka masa bertahun-tahun akan mengakibatkan perubahan-perubahan di sekitar payu dara.Sekarang para penyelidik memikirkan kemungkinan terdapat cara lain di mana anti peluh mungkin meningkatkan risiko barah. Dalam ujian makmal baru-baru ini, aluminium dan zirkonium didapati telah menyelinap ke dalam sel dan menyebabkan mutasi DNA seterusnya mendorongkan pertumbuhan sel-sel barah dan menganggu paras hormon.

    Wujudkan satu alternatif yang selamat? Ya Pilihlah B17 Deodorant.

    Mungkin anda juga menyedari bahawa kebanyakan jenama utama masa kini menandungi sebatian-sebatian berasaskan aluminium dan zirkonium. Amatlah sukar untuk mencari satu produk yang tidak mengandungi sebatian-sebatian tersebut.
    Tetapi kami forewer berbangga kerana dapat menawarkan satu produk yang selamat tanpa risiko tersebut dengan menggelakkan penggunaan aluminium dan zirkonium dalam formulasi yang unggul.

    Kenapa harus anda memilih B17 deodorant sebagai teman seharian anda???
    Harga Rm 25.00
    Harga Rm 25.00
    Harga Rm 25.00
    1. Tidak mengandungi Aluminum chlorohydrate dan kimia berbahaya.

    2. Mencegah daripada terkena kanser.

    3. Mengandudungi vitamin B17 yang tinggi.

    4. Mengandungi DMSO untuk kuasa penyerapan yang lebih efektif.
        5. Bau lebih mengujakan serta tahap kesegaran yang optima
    Sesuai kepada golongan semua peringkat umur.

    6. Keharuman semulajadi untuk merangsangkan kelenjar pitutari.
        7.Merangsang sorotoni di dalam otak tengah.

    8.Sesuai untuk pelajar2 ipta dan lain2.

    9. Keharuman yang berkekalan

                                 Ada 3 jenis keharuman Harga Rm 25.00 
    Bagi mereka yg berminat untuk menjadi pengedar di pejabat, sekolah dan
    Universiti. Sangat-sangat kami alu alukan. 
    Dengan syarat yang modal sangat minima.

    Berminat menjadi pengedar ????
    Jangan Ragu Ragu ....sila hubungi 

     Hp : 012 9642466
    Peluang perniagaan sendiri 

        Pengusahan yang berminat untuk melakukan OEM ( Penjenamaan semula kami sangat di alu-alukan. Anda boleh menggunakan jenama anda sendiri  dengan harga yg jauh lebih rendah dan jumlah pesanan yg jauh lebih kecil mengikut kemampuan anda. Rahsia perniagaan anda akan kami simpan sebagai amanah yang besar.  Ini sudah menjadi polisi kami sejak dari awal pembabitan kami. 
        Jangan Ragu ragu untuk menghubungi kami : 
    Hp : Rafee 012 9642466

    Sumber Rujukan
    1. Jones J. Can rumors cause cancer? Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2000; 92(18):1469–1471.
    2. Darbre PD. Underarm cosmetics and breast cancer. Journal of Applied Toxicology 2003; 23(2):89–95.
    3. Darbre PD. Aluminium, antiperspirants and breast cancer. Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 2005; 99(9):1912–1919.
    4. Harvey PW, Everett DJ. Significance of the detection of esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid (parabens) in human breast tumours. Journal of Applied Toxicology 2004; 24(1):1–4.
    5. Darbre PD, Aljarrah A, Miller WR, et al. Concentrations of parabens in human breast tumours. Journal of Applied Toxicology 2004; 24(1):5–13.
    6. Mirick DK, Davis S, Thomas DB. Antiperspirant use and the risk of breast cancer. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2002; 94(20):1578–1580.
    7. McGrath KG. An earlier age of breast cancer diagnosis related to more frequent use of antiperspirants/deodorants and underarm shaving. European Journal of Cancer 2003; 12(6):479–485.
    8. Fakri S, Al-Azzawi A, Al-Tawil N. Antiperspirant use as a risk factor for breast cancer in Iraq. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal 2006; 12(3-4):478–482

    Aluminum is common in antiperspirant / deodorant products

    The use of antiperspirant deodorant formulas has been subject to a lot of controversy due to the aluminum base and parabens (chemicals used as preservatives) - among other harsh and toxic substances such as solvents and some fragrances - that are used in many commercial products. Aluminum compounds - particularly aluminum chlorohydrate - are easily absorbed through the skin and have, in the only reported trial to date, already been linked with higher risks of Alzheimer's.

    Toxic Overload: A Doctor's Plan for Combating the Illnesses Caused by Chemicals in Our Foods, Our Homes, and Our Medicine Cabinets 

    by Dr. Paula Baillie-Hamilton

    Nature's Gate Spring Fresh deodorant, which is aluminum-free, still contains DEA. Nature's Gate Spring Fresh deodorant also includes
    propylene glycol, a common solvent in toothpastes, deodorant, mouthwash, and other personal care items, that is a penetration enhancer and best to avoid. Another kind of ingredient in deodorants and anti-perspirants that may contribute to breast cancer are hormone-disruptive parabans.
    Toxic Beauty: How Cosmetics and Personal Care Products Endanger Your Health . . . And What You Can Do about It  

    by Samuel S. Epstein, Randall Fitzgerald

    I prefer their unscented Nature's Deodorant (you may initially catch a mild whiff of coriander when first putting it on), which has the rare characteristics of being both highly effective and safe. But, naturally scented versions of these are also available. Be cautious of "
    natural" deodorant crystals as they may contain aluminum, and would therefore not be something you would want to use. Most good health food stores, like my local one, Sunseeds, in Cocoa Beach, Florida, are very helpful and can get most things in for you if they don't already have them in stock.
    Toxic Overload: A Doctor's Plan for Combating the Illnesses Caused by Chemicals in Our Foods, Our Homes, and Our Medicine Cabinets  

    by Dr. Paula Baillie-Hamilton

    Use deodorant instead of antiperspirant, since sweat is normal and blocking the pores is not. Especially avoid aluminum, which is found in high levels in the
    brain plaques linked to Alzheimer's disease. And with deodorants, avoid phthalates, which are plastics used to help the fragrance stay on our skin and block endocrine function, especially in the male fetus. Parabens, which are used as preservatives in these products, should also be avoided since they could be linked to breast cancer.
    You: Staying Young: The Owner's Manual for Extending Your Warranty  

    by Mehmet C. Oz., M.D. and Michael F. Roizen, M.D.

    Read your deodorant label carefully to see if it contains this substance. Not all of them do, especially those made from natural substances. Even though we all know that good personal hygiene is important, you may want to switch to a personal care product that does not contain aluminum hydroxide.
    Reversing Multiple Sclerosis: 9 Effective Steps to Recover Your Health  

    by Celeste Pepe, Lisa Hammond

    During the two decades prior to the first world war, an unprecedented number of creations were unveiled that would transform the formulations of cosmetics, and create a
    personal care products industry: A deodorant invented in Philadelphia and marketed as "Mum" was followed by other deodorants and anti-perspirants containing aluminum chloride as the active ingredient. The first synthetic hair dye, called "Aureole," was created in the lab of a French chemist. Another chemist, in New York, formulated a synthetic mascara and named the product Maybelline, after his sister Mabel.
    Toxic Beauty: How Cosmetics and Personal Care Products Endanger Your Health . . . And What You Can Do about It  

    by Samuel S. Epstein, Randall Fitzgerald

    Most contain aluminum zirconium, which is toxic to the nervous and reproductive systems, a chemical called BHT, which is believed to be a hormonal disrupter and neurotoxin, and various chemicals that give your deodorant stick that distinctive smell. You'll also get another dose of propylene glycol, which helps the deodorant go on so nicely but is linked to irritation and immune toxicity.
    The Detox Strategy: Vibrant Health in 5 Easy Steps  

    by Brenda Watson and Leonard Smith

    Think about the last time you drank a canned beverage, put on deodorant, ate fish, or had a cavity filled at the dentist. Any one of these typical activities potentially exposes the body to
    toxins from metals. The canned drink and deodorant both contain aluminum, and mercury is a component of dental fillings, and both are extremely toxic metals.
    Health Begins in the Colon 

     by Dr. Edward F. Group III, DC, ND, DACBN

    Buying organic
    food, refusing vaccines with mercury, and buying deodorant without aluminum will create a ripple effect throughout our economy and environment. You can make changes in your life and in your world with the choices you make. What's more, you can make changes in your personal health. You can heal yourself from brain damage by improving your diet, limiting your exposure to toxins, and changing the way you live. You can reverse the effects of depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, autism, Alzheimer's, ADHD, and more - if you know how to.
    Ultra-Metabolism: The Simple Plan for Automatic Weight Loss by Mark Hyman

    The following conditions can inhibit or impede your body's
    absorption and/or utilization of phosphorus: too much iron in your cookware or your diet; aluminum deposits from your deodorant, antacid, or cook-ware; vitamin E deficiency; diuretics; alcohol; coffee, tea, or cola; stress; X rays, thyroid medication, cortisone, and aspirin; any other drug; too little vitamin D, or too much; too little calcium, or too much; too much sugar; too much protein; diabetes; starvation; and excess exercise. Whew!
    The Complete Guide to Health and Nutrition by Gary Null

    Look for aluminum-free deodorant. As with everything else on this program, finding new products and your rhythm with them may take time. You may have to try one or two shampoos before you find one that works for you. Do 45 minutes of restorative
    exercise, preferably outside. Practice one core-strengthening exercise today. If you decided to include licorice root and salt in your program, continue taking them.
    Spent: Revive: Stop Feeling Spent and Feel Great Again by Frank Lipman, Mollie Doyle

    Eliminate all conventional
    home care and personal care products from your life: Shampoo, deodorant, soap, cleaners, detergents, dryer sheets, air fresheners, hair spray, hair dye, cosmetics, etc. Replace them all with "green home" and "green personal care" products. Stop eating out of plastic, styrofoam, Teflon and aluminum foil. Eat out of Pyrex or glass containers. For cooking, use iron or stainless steel. Clean your air and water. Never drink tap water. Invest in a good water filter (Lotus Water Treatment System at
    Natural Health Solutions by Mike Adams

    Most deodorant products in
    health food stores are made without aluminum. They contain natural ingredients that fight bacteria, such as tea tree, clay, coriander, lichen and chamomile. One product to look for is Lavilin. It contains calendula and arnica, which kill bacteria.
    Natural Health Secrets From Around the World by Glenn W. Geelhoed, M.D. and Jean Barilla, M.S.

    You expressed surprise that someone might use
    milk of magnesia as an underarm deodorant. I have been using milk of magnesia for several years. Despite my initial skepticism, I've found it to be a remarkably effective antiperspirant. I apply it directly from the bottle using my fingers. It is inexpensive (a bottle lasts months), goes on quickly and easily, has no odor, dries clear, does not stain clothing, and is completely effective in stopping odor and perspiration. It contains no aluminum.
    Best Choices From the People's Pharmacy by Joe Graedon, M.S. and Teresa Graedon, Ph.D.

    A typical deodorant contains an ingredient that inhibits odor-causing bacteria on the skin, such as triclosan chloride. Most also contain some sort of fragrance to help mask odors. And some contain moisture-absorbing powders such as cornstarch or talc. Antiperspirants, however, contain an additional ingredient that inhibits sweat secretion. "A common sweat-stopping ingredient is aluminum chlorohydrate, which seems to work simply because the pasty material plugs up sweat glands," says Donald R. Miller, Pharm.D., an associate professor of
    pharmacy at North Dakota State University in Fargo.
    Home Remedies: What Works: Thousands of Americans Reveal Their Favorite Home-Tested Cures for Everyday Health Problems 

    by Gale Maleskey, Brian Kaufman

    She doesn't use aluminum kitchen utensils, and she won't use any deodorant that has aluminum mentioned on the label. There has been a lot of controversy in the past few decades over whether aluminum plays any role in the development of Alzheimer's. Scientific studies have come down on both sides of the question. Until this debate is settled once and for all, there's no harm in avoiding aluminum, says Dr. Park. "It's absolutely unclear what the cause and effect is," she says. "Personally, although I seriously doubt there is a connection, I nevertheless threw out my aluminum pans."

    Home Remedies: What Works: Thousands of Americans Reveal Their Favorite Home-Tested Cures for Everyday Health Problems 

    by Gale Maleskey, Brian Kaufman

    Antiseptics may be incorporated into deodorant soaps. Deodorants, formerly called "unscented toilet waters" and "sanitary liquid preparations," once contained formaldehyde or benzoic acid, which have been replaced with quaternary ammonium compounds. Deodorant-action, liquid antiperspirants today usually contain aluminum chloride, urea, propylene glycol, and about 75 percent water. Deodorant-action, cream antiperspirants contain aluminum chlorhydroxide, sorbitan monostearate, polox-amers, stearic acid, boric acid, petrolatum, perfume, propylene glycol, and water.
    A Consumer's Dictionary of Cosmetic Ingredients 

    by Ruth Winter, M.S.

    Learn more:


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